How Apple struggles to free itself from “made in China

Under pressure from Beijing, the giant must reduce its heavy dependence on local subcontractors. While it waits for its ecosystems in India and Vietnam to perform well, it is giving pledges in its third market. Apple needs to double down on its dependence on China,” advises Sandrine Zerbib, author of Dragon Tactics (Dunod), who set up the Adidas subsidiary. But it’s a real challenge, because the Chinese have become very good at producing large volumes of highly complex products. As it is, they’re unbeatable.